HI spectral line mapping observations are a unique probe of morphologically
peculiar systems. Not only does HI imaging often reveal
peculiarities that are totally unsuspected at optical
wavelengths, but it opens a kinematic window into the outer
dynamics of these systems that is unmatched at any other
wavelength. In this review I summarize what we have learned
from such studies, and what we may hope to learn from
them in the future.